TikTok Becomes a New Gambling Playground in Nepal, but Police Are on the Hunt

Certain countries believe that implementing a ban on casinos or gambling will make the activity disappear. TikTok has started to become a viable way to circumvent anti-gambling controls, and police in Nepal have spent the past two weeks rounding offenders.

An attendee of the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation summit in Bangkok last November poses at the TikTok booth. TikTok is becoming a gambling platform without a mechanism to stop it. (Image: Getty Images)

The modus operandi of most of the makeshift TikTok gambling operations is the same. A user promotes the service and collects payments based on the type of game he or she is going to offer. Then, the gambler will make a live video while gambling, for example, on a slot machine, either live (where casinos are allowed) or online.

The concept has reportedly become popular in Nepal, as the number of arrests the authorities have made recently would seem to indicate. The police action is also likely to give global politicians more ammo in trying to shut down the social media platform.

Necessity Breeds Creativity

The local Nepalese police report that a group of people is operating a gambling den on TikTok. The group is able to conduct its activities using the ByteDance-owned social media platform with the help of another Chinese app.

There were four arrests involving organized gambling via TikTok, a product of China, between January 10 and January 17, according to the Kathmandu Valley Crime Investigation Office. They allegedly used digital wallets to carry out transactions amounting to over NPR5 million (US$38,400).

Police arrested three in the first week of the month, followed by a fourth last week. First, they arrested a 21-year-old who went by the names Pugg and Pubg2 in Lalitpur for running the game.

He allegedly made NPR8 million (US$61,440) in transactions over 10 days through his e-Sewa mobile wallet while playing the game live with different people during that time. E-Sewa is a payment gateway in Nepal that includes an integrated digital wallet.

They arrested the second, a 27-year-old using the alias Pler King, in Bhaktapur. Police records indicate that he earned NPR1 million (US$7,680) within 10 days from three different e-Sewa accounts.

On the same day, police nabbed another 21-year-old in Bhaktapur. He hadn’t yet reached the same level as the others, having only transacted NPR93,214 (US$715.88) through e-Sewa in the previous six days.

The fourth was a 35-year-old in Lalitpur. Also known as Kick Cash, he used two different e-Sewa accounts to conduct transactions totaling NPR853,331 (US$6,553) over 15 days.

In addition to the cell phones they used for their transactions and videos, the gamblers had written logs to track the players and transactions. This information will be useful as investigators continue to work to determine everyone who participated.

Difficult To Track

Police officials have arrested a few individuals for their involvement in the illegal activity. However, it is difficult for them to trace all of the offenders.

The individuals use fake IDs and phone numbers, which are easy to come by in Nepal, in order to conceal their activities. If they think there’s a chance they are no longer safe, they ditch the number and get a new one, porting the address list of clients to the new number.

Nepal prohibits gambling and betting, but the punishments aren’t too severe. A first offense is typically good for a fine of NPR300 (US$1.54), while a second offense can lead to up to three months in jail. A third offense, however, could result in a one-year sentence behind bars.

TikTok has not received a lot of positive support in the past couple of years. The US has sought a ban on it, alleging that all of the user data is sent to China. The US lifted a temporary ban but still prohibits its installation on any government-issued devices.

Afghanistan, Armenia, India, Pakistan and other countries have reportedly placed a ban on its use. However, as with virtually anything online, permanently blocking it is not as easy as the authorities assume.

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